Rose is a flower symbolizing love. And many people like roses very much. So, how do you plant potted rose? The management skills of rose-above are the related skills of rose planting. We hope it be helpful to everyone. Also, the Rose needs to change once a year. When change the pot, the Root needs to trim. But attention should paid to leaving more beard roots at the root. And base fertilizer should also applied to the pot soil. To avoid affecting the growth of bonsai after changing the basin. So how to make yourself own a pot of rose bonsai? Now let’s learn about the relevant knowledge together! Before planting rose bonsai, it is necessary to do a good job of selecting seedlings. The requirements of selection generally need the plant to be robust. With more branches, good shape and no plant diseases and insect pests.
Second, you choose the rose plant. And the preparation of basin soil should carried out below. The prepared basin soil is generally required to be loose. Also, fertile, well drained and breathable. The method of preparing basin soil is as follows. Commonly used soil is vermiculite, peat, water Moss. Besides, mixed with snake wood chips. Or mixed with garden soil and river sand at 7:3. At the same time, mixed with dry river mud and honeycomb coal cinder at 6:4. With vegetable garden soil, honeycomb coal cinder and river sand at 7:2:1. Now, the basin soil needs to mix with enough decomposed organic fertilizer.
TIPS OF ROSE PLANTING
Third, after completing the above two items, the planting work can carry out below. The growth of roses is generally recommended to do in spring or after autumn. In the process of planting, we need to stretch out the roots of roses and compact them with soil. After planting, everyone needs to do a watering work. And it should watered for the first time. Then, put the planted rose bonsai in a place with good sunshine. Also ventilation and air permeability. At the same time, keep the basin soil moist from time to time. Do not water the roses too much. To avoid the death of the whole plant caused by water accumulation. And make the roses grow better. We need to do a good job of topdressing. The fertilizer usually chooses bean cake water or foliage spraying fertilizer. Finally, trim the roses.
At the same time, it can also perfect the tree shape to make the rose bonsai more beautiful. Pruning work is usually carried out during dormancy period or growth period. If you do the trimming work during the dormant period. Then it suggests to do it after falling leaves in winter or before sprouting in early spring. When pruning, cut off some over-dense branches, aging branches and pest branches. Generally, each plant needs to leave 4 to 5 branches. We need short-cut treatment at the place 40-50cm from the ground. In addition, one to two lateral branches leave on each branch. And two short buds left on the lateral branches. If the pruning work carry out during the growing period of the rose. Then relevant work needs to carry out after the flower opens. It is short at about 15cm to 20cm above the base of the Flower Branch.
PRECAUTIONS FOR POTTED ROSE PLANTING–1ST PART
The cultivation method of roses. Precautions for potted roses. First of all, you should know the time of putting roses on the pot. And it is best to do it after falling leaves in early winter or before sprouting in early spring. Then there is fertilization and watering. Rose likes Fertilizer. After potted plants served, organic liquid fertilizer should decomposed. Liquid fertilizer containing phosphorus and potassium should applied in bud formation period. Watering should carried out according to the weather condition. It should carried out every day in hot summer. Also, it should carried out when the basin of soil is dry at ordinary times. And the remaining flowers should removed in time after flowering. Finally, they need regular pruning and pest control. Since pruning needed during the dormant period, it can promote the plant to grow.
The indoor cultivation is also maintained on the sunny balcony. Potted rose soil requires to be loose, fertile and well-drained. Pay attention to the poor growth and blooming of roses in sticky loam. It should planted in a well-ventilated place. That is far away from the wall to prevent sunlight from reflecting. Also, burning buds and affecting flowering. Watering potted roses should not be too much. Roses are drought-resistant and water logging-fearing plants. Grasp the principle of “no dry, no watering. If you water roses frequently, it is easy to cause root rot and dead plants. Especially in rainy days with high humidity and low evaporation.
PRECAUTIONS FOR POTTED ROSE PLANTING–2ND PART
Fertilizing potted roses should applied with light fertilizer. And thick fertilizer (especially fertilizer) should not applied. That will lead to local root rot and death. According to the size of plants and basins, use 20-40 compound fertilizers every 1-1.5 months. It is to apply them to 1 inch of soil beside the basins. Or pour the fermented rice washing water once or twice a month Pruning usually does not need trimmed. And the old plants can trim with dense branches, withered branches and pest branches. The rose follows the flower, and it will pick as it blooms or fails. It will bloom after picking, otherwise it will bloom only once. Pruning is very important if the roses grow well and blossom a lot. Generally, when crossing the winter, all the branches should cut off about 10cm on the ground. So as to live up to the winter.
Prevention and control of diseases and pests potted roses. The main pests are green worms and shell worms, which are easy to treat. Once shell worms break out, it is difficult to treat. It will lead to whole plant infection and diseases. Therefore, the prevention and control of shell is the focus of domestic Rose. To prevent and control mesothalea, the roses should placed in a well-ventilated. And the branches with many roses should cut off. Several main branches should kept to make the interior ventilated. Keep the basin soil wet, but do not accumulate water. When white spots are on the rose branches, scrape them off with bamboo chips in time. If it is serious, cut off the whole branch or even all the branches. Then spray the medicine to kill shell worms in combination.
SEEDS USED FOR SOWING
Rose have the same habits. They are drought-resistant and afraid of waterlogging. They don’t have too many requirements for soil. They can plant or potted. So, how to plant roses? What are the planting methods of roses? Let’s talk about Uncle gardener. If the rose pot, it should cultivate in a non-glazed clay pot. And it should ensure to have enough light. Do not place indoors where light is insufficient for a long time. Besides, fertilization should paid attention to according to the size of rose seedlings. Plants and basins, so that the roses can grow as long as possible.
If seeds usefor sowing, the medium for sowing should paid special attention to. It should be clean and free of plant diseases and insect pests. It is better to contain base fertilizer. After the medium finish, wet it first. Sowing can useor on demand. Pay attention to the spacing of seeds. Next cover clean medium after sowing. Orchids wait for it to germinate. When you find it has germinated, the Basin should moved to a bright place. But it should not exposed to the sun. When the seedling height reaches the preservative film, the preservative film can remove. After the seedlings grow two leaves, you can place them in a place with direct sunlight. Both in the morning and evening to avoid overgrowth. At this time, fertilization can also start. Use quick-acting fertilizer with a ratio of 20-20-20 of the three elements. Dilute 2000 times and apply once a week.
HOW TO PLANT ROSE IN A FAST WAY
How to plant roses? This is the topic that every person who loves roses cares most. When it comes to rose, no one will be unfamiliar with it. Because its taste and color are always unforgettable. Roses like sunny, cold-resistant and drought-resistant. Loose and fertile loam or light loam with good drainage and poor growth and blooming in sticky loam.
Roses are into plants for propagation, and can also cut and propagate. One year before the separation, apply fertilizer and water near the mother plant. Keep the soil loose and moist at the same time, and promote a large number of tillers at the root. Because the Tiller ability of rose is very strong, the mother branch is easy to wither after the new branch. That extracts every time. So the twigs near the rhizosphere must transplant to other places in time. And the mother branch can still grow.
HOW TO PLANT ROSE IN A SIMPLE WAY
Rose belongs to rosacea, deciduous shrub of Rosaceae. With many acupuncture branches, odd number of pinnate compound leaves. 5~9 leaflets, oval, with white fluff and side thorns on the back. Petals obovate, double to half double. Flowers purplish red, white, fruit period 8-September, oblate sphere. Soil preparation. Rose is a perennial woody plant with a long production cycle. The cutting seedlings can harvest for 3-4 years at one time. And the grafted seedlings for 5-6 years. Get the high quality, high yield and high benefit of cut flowers. So the soil for planting roses must have good physical. And chemical properties during cultivation. It is better to choose muddy loam with low groundwater level and loose ventilation. The soil should be rich in organic matter, and the content should reach more than 10%.
The pH value of the soil is about 6.5. Soil should be in combination with the arrangement of planting plants. First, you need to turning and apply organic fertilizer. So soil can improved and maintain for a long time. Thus promoting the long-term good growth of rose root system. The organic fertilizer types of improved soil can be cow dung and pig dung. Also, sheep dung, chicken dung, bone meal, leaf rot soil, compost. According to the width of the planting area, the width of the pavement is 0.9m. And the width of the aisle bottom is 0.5m, the height of the pavement is 0.5m, and the pavement should be flat. After planting plants finish, the pH value and EC value of the soil should checked again. And the pH value should adjusted with fertilizer, acid and alkali to be about 6.5.
ROSE CULTIVATION METHODS AND PLANTING
Cultivation methods and planting. The Rose production adopts the pruning cultivation method. And the cultivation method is single-row and double-row cultivation. With the plant spacing of 12cm and row spacing of 50cm, and 5000-6000 plants plant per acre. The greenhouse cultivation can plant all the year round. When planting, it can plant in a straight line. It is to ensure that the seedlings in the planting line are straight and easy to manage. The planting depth is a little deeper than the cutting depth. But the soil cannot exceed the main buds of seedlings.
After planting, pour enough root water in time. Pay attention to shade and cool down when planting in high temperature weather. And spray water to the leaves. Within one week after planting, make sure that the root soil and topsoil are moist. Spray water on the leaves during the day and shade. Reduce the amount of water on the leaves after 7 days. But keep the topsoil moist. And spray carbendazim, chlorothalonil and other fungicides for a disease prevention. After 15 days, reduce the amount of soil watering. Then water according to the wet and dry conditions of the soil. Keep the soil moist. And start to adopt drip irrigation system. Enter normal management after 30 days.
CULTIVATION ENVIRONMENT OF ROSE PLANTING
Control of cultivation environment. The cultivation environment of roses includes the following. Water, fertilization, temperature, humidity, light and other environmental factors. Water Management. Water for irrigation should be water without pollution, spring water or well water. The watering times and watering amount of roses is relative to seasons. Also weather, soil and plant growth. Producers observe and detect soil moisture content according to production experience or instruments. Determination of plant growth. The instrument can use a soil tensiometer for rapid determination of soil Moisture. Monitor soil moisture with a tensiometer. And make a reference basis for drip irrigation watering. Watering twice a day on sunny days. The soil moisture tension PF kept at about 1.8. And the watering time choose at 10:00 and 14:00. Do not water in the morning or evening. Avoid lowering the soil temperature due to the low watering water temperature.
And the growth of rose plants speed up.The soil moisture increases the number of watering. Soil moisture tension PF keep between 1.6 and 1.8. Besides, the watering time choose to be from 10:00 to 16:00 in sunny days. Greenhouses without cooling facilities need to increase spray cooling. And the spraying time should be at 14:00 on sunny days. From September, the temperature is high. The humidity is high and the humidity of cultivated soil is high. Yet Rose plants also grow very fast and need to consume a lot of water. You can increase the amount of watering each time. It’s to meet the large amount of water demand of rose plant growth. The soil water tension PF is keep at 2.2. Cloudy days you should reduce air humidity. To reduce the occurrence of plant diseases and insect pests, watering only once at 10:00. Stop watering on continuous rainy days.
FERTILIZATION MANAGEMENT OF ROSE PLANTING
The demand for a large amount of elements of nitrogen. Phosphorus and potassium in the nutritional growth period of roses is 3:1:2, and the flowering period is 3:1:3. Medium and trace elements can apply every month. Medium elements include calcium, magnesium and sulfur. Calcium and magnesium are high in river water and well water, and can add or less when fertilizing. Zinc and boron in trace elements are deficient. And attention should paid to adding them in production. There is no lack of iron in the soil, but the absorption of iron is relative to the pH of the soil. When the pH value is 5.5~6.5, a small amount can add. When the pH value is greater than 7, the iron plants in the soil are difficult to absorb. During production, soil nutrients should detected. And various nutrients in the soil can meet the normal growth and development of roses.
When nutrient elements in soil reach the value, better yield and quality of cut flowers can get. The most suitable values refer to the following table. The nutrient elements in the soil are insufficient or low. Then it can increase by 10% of the original fertilization amount each time. You can do this until it is appropriate amount. If the nutrient elements in the soil are too high, it can reduce the amount of fertilizer. That apply or rinse with water. The root system of rose develops. And the growth speed is fast. The yield of fresh flowers is high. So the demand for nutrients in the soil is quite large. And the demand for nutrients of rose is diverse. Only different kinds of nutrients are coordinative. In this way can the flowers be of high quality, high yield and harvest year after year.
EFFECTS OF DIFFERENT KINDS OF ROSES
Nitrogenous fertilizer is an important nutrient for rose demand. That plays an important role in the nutritional growth and flower yield of rose soul. Only under the condition of enough nitrogen fertilizer supply. Then the leafy leaves can grow. If there is not enough nitrogenous fertilizer, it will make the rose thin. Also yellow leaves and slow growth of new shoots. However, if there is too much fertilizer in the soil, it is easy to cause overgrowth of branches. Loose tissues, less flowering and even deformity of flowers.
Phosphate fertilizer can promote the growth of rose root system. It will make root system developed, thick foliage and bright color. If there is a lack of phosphate fertilizer in the soil, the branches will be weak. And the flowers will droop and become weak. Thus, appropriate amount of phosphate fertilizer should added. Potash fertilizer can promote the normal growth of the fresh leaves of roses. And increase the number of flowers, make the flower buds full, and the flowers contain high rose oil. In addition to a large demand for nitrogen, Roses also need certain kinds of trace elements. For example, iron, boron, manganese and zinc. If there is a lack of trace elements in the soil, the plant leaves will be green, and even plant organs will deform. Various physiological diseases will occur. That will affect the normal growth and development of rose plants.
TYPES AND FERTILIZATION REQUIREMENTS OF ROSE PLANTING
Urea is a nitrogenous fertilizer often used in Rose production. It uses as top dressing. Top dressing generally adopts ditch application and t application. That will take effect 5~7 days after fertilization. Timely watering should carried out after urea application. The dosage per mu is generally 10~15kg each time. Urea can apply 3~4 times per year. Pay attention to the application of sand soil and less. Ammonium bicarbonate, for short, is a quick-acting nitrogenous fertilizer. It can only use for topdressing, ditch application or hole application. It is forbidden to spread on the ground and volatilizes . It needs to cover the soil in time and water it together. Effective within 2 days after fertilization. When fertilizing, do not let the fertilizer fall on the plant leaves and burn the leaves. The amount of fertilizer applied per mu is 10~20kg each time, and it can apply 3~4 times per year.
The fertilizer is easy to dissolve and causes loss. Special attention should paid to frequent and less application. And long-term use of this fertilizer will not destroy the soil structure. That makes the soil hardened, which is used in production. Calcium superphosphate. It is used as base fertilizer, with slow fertilizer efficiency. This is often mixed with soil mixed fertilizer in production and used as base fertilizer in autumn. It uses in ditches, and the dosage per mu is generally 30~50kg. Calcium superphosphate is easy to agglomerate. And should crushed or mashed when in use, otherwise it will burn out the plant root system. In the late autumn growth period of roses, 1% Calcium extract can use for foliar fertilization. And the effect is also very good. Calcium, magnesium and phosphorus. The properties and dosage of calcium fertilizer are the same as superphosphate. But calcium magnesium phosphate fertilizer is non-corrosive.
FERTILIZATION TIME AND HUMIDITY CONTROL OF ROSE PLANTING
Fertilization time: the types of rose fertilization include base fertilizer and top dressing. a. Base fertilizer. Rose-based fertilizer should apply after falling leaves in autumn. And fertilization time should be as early as possible. Base fertilizer in autumn can heal the injured root system and produce new roots. But also make the applied soil compound fertilizer full decomposed in the soil. It is conducive to promoting the vigorous growth of plants in the next spring. The specific time in the northern region should be from September to early October. Late application of fertilizer in autumn often affects the normal growth of plants. Topdressing. Rose topdressing carries out in the growing season of spring and summer. The fertilizer applied is chemical fertilizer. That has fast fertilizer efficiency and strong pertinence. The specific topdressing time can divide into four periods. Germination stage, flower bud stage, full flower stage and late flower stage.
- During these four periods, plants grow and need more fertilizer. Nutrients should added to the soil in time to ensure the yield of fresh flowers. The experience of Rose producing areas in southern China is following. “three to five red flowers”. From the beginning of flower buds to the picking of flowers. water should poured for 4 times and fertilizer should applied for 3 times. This shows that the application of fertilizer is important to the yield of fresh flowers. Humidity control The relative humidity requires in the bud. And also the growth period of the branches. Besides, leaves of roses is 70% ~ 80%. The relative humidity required in the flowering period is 40% ~ 60%. the humidity in the daytime should controlled at 40%. And the humidity at night should controlled at 60%. The humidity in the greenhouse is higher than 90%.